EARLY MARRIAGE PREVENTION STRATEGY THROUGH THE IMPLEMENTATION OF PUSAT INFORMASI DAN KONSELING REMAJA (PIK-R) AT SMK NEGERI 1 BULUKUMBA

Authors

  • Andi Marlah Susyanti dinas pengendalian penduduk dan kb
  • Halim Halim Politeknik STIA LAN Makassar

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33509/jan.v26i2.1249

Keywords:

strategy, PIK-R, early marriage, students, prevention

Abstract

The number of early marriages (15 years) is recorded highest in South Sulawesi. The figure reached 6.7% compared to the national figure of only 2.46%. The consequences of early marriage include the loss of children's rights such as education and being protected from exploitation, as well as the emergence of health problems. The purpose of this research is to describe the strategy of preventing early marriage through PIK-R at SMK Negeri 1 Bulukumba. The method used is qualitative method with case study design. Data obtained through structured interviews and document review. The informants in this study were 14 people, namely principals and teachers of SMK Negeri 1 Bulukumba (4 people), parents of students (5 people) and students (5 people). The data were analyzed with thematic analysis. The results showed that PIK-R has been implemented in SMK Negeri 1 Bulukumba through three strategies, namely child empowerment in school, family empowerment through parental supervision and emphasis on social factors that are at risk at early marriage. In its application this second strategy has not been optimal. The third strategy is to increase students' knowledge through formal education whose application has not been implemented, although students consider that knowledge related to early marriage is very important. This study recommends empowering the role of families, creating a local content curriculum related to reproductive health and prevention of early marriage, as well as follow-up research involving students who have not been involved in PIK-R activities.

References

Adawiah, R. (2017). Pola Asuh Orang Tua dan Implikasinya terhadap Pendidikan Anak: Studi pada Masyarakat Dayak di Kecamatan Halong Kabupaten Balangan. Jurnal Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan, 7(1), 33-48

Alma, L.R., Kartikasari, D., & Ulfa, N.H. (2020). Analisis pengetahuan dan sikap siswa SMA yang berisiko terjadinya pernikahan usia dini. Preventia: Indonesian Journal of Public Health, 5(1), 49-54

Eisenberg, M. E., Madsen, N., Oliphant, J. A., & Sieving, R. E. (2013). Barriers to Providing the Sexuality Education That Teachers Believe Students Need. Journal of School Health, 83(5), 335-342.

Fadlyana, E. and Larasaty, S. (2009). Pernikahan Usia Dini dan Permasalahannya. Sari Pediatri, 11(2), 136–140.

Fadzilla, V., & Djannah, S.N. (2019). Faktor-faktor yang Berhubungan Dengan Pemanfaatan Pusat Informasi dan Konseling Remaja (PIK-R) Pada Remaja di SMAN 1 Sanden. Jurnal Cakrawala Promkes, 1(1), 9-16

Fatmawati, Sutrisno, & Firdhausy, H.S. (2019). Program Informasi Konseling Remaja di Sekolah dalam Mengatasi Masalah Pernikahan Dini. Higeia Journal of Public Health Research and Development, 3(1), 132-143

Fitriana, H. & Siswantara, P. (2018). Pendidikan Kesehatan Reproduksi Remaja di SMPN 52 Surabaya. The Indonesian Journal of Public Health, 13(1), 107-118

Fonner, V. A., Armstrong, K. S., Kennedy, C. E., O'Reilly, K. R., & Sweat, M. D. (2014). School Based Sex Education and HIV Prevention in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. PLoS ONE, 9(3), 1-18.

Fujiastuti, D. (2019). Analisis Perkembangan Pusat Informasi dan Konseling Remaja di Sekolah Menengah Atas Negeri 3 Bantul DIY. Jurnal Cakrawala Promkes, 1(1), 25-31

Hakim, F.N. & Chulaifah. (2017). Fenomena Menikah Pada Usia Dini. Media Informasi Penelitian Kesejahteraan Sosial, 41(2), 121-132

Handayani, E.Y. (2014). Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Pernikahan Usia Dini Pada Remaja Putri Di Kecamatan Tambusai Utara Kabupaten Rokan Hulu. Jurnal Maternity and Neonatal, 1(5), 200-206

Hastuti, D., Alfiasari, Hernawati, N., Oktriyanto, & Puspisari, M.D. (2019). Effectiveness of “PIK-R” Program as An Extracurricular for High/Vocational School Students in Preventing Negative Behaviours of Adolescents. Cakrawala Pendidikan, 38(1), 1-15

Indahsari, L. (2019). Implementasi Ekstrakurikuler Pusat Informasi dan Konseling Remana (PIK-R) Dalam Mencegah Kenakalan Remaja Di SMK PGRI Sooko Mojokerto. Kajian Moral dan Kewarganegaraan, 2(3), 651-666

Januarti, A., Syafruddin, & Masyhuri. (2020). Pola Asuh Orang Tua dan Pernikahan Usia Dini di Desa Jurit Kabupaten Lombok Timur. Jurnal Pendidikan Sosial Keberagaman, 7(1), 27-34

Khairunnas, Aundjand, Y. Z. and Siregar, S. A. (2013). Saatnya yang Muda yang Berencana. Jakarta: BKKBN.

Kirby, D., & Laris, B. A. (2009). Effective Curriculum-Based Sex and STD/HIV Education Programs for Adolescents. Child Development Perspectives, 3(1), 21-29.

Nirwana, A. B. (2011). Psikologi Kesehatan Wanita. Yogyakarta: Nuha Medika.

Nurmansyah, M.I., Al-Aufa, B., & Amran, Y. (2013). Peran Keluarga, Masyarakat dan Media Sebagai Sumber Informasi Kesehatan Reproduksi Pada Mahasiswa. Jurnal Kesehatan Reproduksi, 3(1),16-23

Pearson, E., Speizer, I.S. (2011). Associaton between early marriage and intimate partner vilolence in India: a focus on youth from Bihar and Rajasthan. Journal Interpers Violence, 26(10), 1963-1981.

Pohan, N.H. (2017). Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Pernikahan Usia Dini Terhadap Remaja Putri. Jurnal Endurance, 2(3), 424-435

Pranata, S., Budiasuri, M.A., Hamdi, Z.& Faizin, K. (2013). Pesantren dan Upaya Pendidikan Kesehatan Reproduksi Remaja. Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan, 16(3), 313-320

Rahmawati, Tri, C., Kusumawati, Y., & Abidin, Z. (2011). Hubungan Antara Sumber Informasi dan Pengetahuan tentang Menstruasi dengan Perilaku Personal Hygiene selama Menstruasi. Prosiding Seminar Nasional, Peran Kesehatan Masyarakat Dalam Pencapaian MDG’s di Indonesia.

Rintu, S.H., Rame, D.R.D., & Frisilia, M. (2016). Analisis Faktor-Faktor Yang Berpengaruh Terhadap Penyebab Pernikahan Dini di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Pembantu Pahandut Seberang Palangkara Raya. Dinamika Kesehatan, 2 (2), 288-300

Savitri, D., Kirnantoro, & Nurunniyah, S. (2013). Pemberian Pendidikan Kesehatan Reproduksi Berpengaruh Terhadap Tingkat Pengetahuan Tentang Seks Bebas pada Remaja Kelas X dan XI di SMK Muhammadiyah II Bantul. Jurnal Ners dan Kebidanan Indonesia, 1(1), 23-28

Utomo, I. D., McDonald, P., Reimondos, A., Utomo, A., & Hull, T. H. (2014). Do primary students understand how pregnancy can occur? A comparison of students in Jakarta, West Java, West Nusa Tenggara and South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Sex Education, 14(1), 95-109.

Wahyuningrum, D.M., Gani, H.A., & Ririanty, M. (2015). Upaya Promosi Kesehatan Pendewasaan Usia Perkawinan Oleh Pusat Informasi Konseling Remaja (PIK-R) Ditinjau Dari Teori Precede-Proceed. Jurnal Pustaka Kesehatan, 3(1), 186-192

Wulandari, S. (2015). Hubungan Pengetahuan, Sikap Dan Perilaku Pencegahan Penyakit Menular Seksual (PMS) Dan HIV/AIDS Dengan Pemanfaatan Pusat Informasi Konseling Remaja (PIK-R) Pada Remaja SMKN Tandun Kabupaten Rokan Hulu. Jurnal Maternity and Neonatal, 2(1), 10-25

Yulianti, R. (2010). Dampak yang Ditimbulkan Akibat Perkawinan Usia Dini. Pamator: Jurnal Ilmiah Universitas Trunojoyo, 3(1),1-5

Yusuf, A. M. (2017). Metode Penelitian: Kuantitatif, chrit kualitatif dan penelitian gabungan. Jakarta: Kencana

Published

2021-04-29

How to Cite

Susyanti, Andi Marlah, and Halim Halim. 2021. “EARLY MARRIAGE PREVENTION STRATEGY THROUGH THE IMPLEMENTATION OF PUSAT INFORMASI DAN KONSELING REMAJA (PIK-R) AT SMK NEGERI 1 BULUKUMBA”. Jurnal Administrasi Negara 26 (2):114-37. https://doi.org/10.33509/jan.v26i2.1249.